National Institute of Technical Teachers’ Training and Research, Bhopal, M.P.
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering



This dissertation work entitled ‘Project name ’ submitted by Your name  is approved for the award of Master of Technology in Construction Technology and Management.

Internal Examiner                                                        External Examiner
Date:……………..                                                         Date:……………...

Wednesday, July 13, 2016
Posted by Saurabh Gupta


National Institute of Technical Teachers’ Training and Research, Bhopal, M.P.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering


I Saurabh Gupta, a student of ‘Master of Technology in Construction Technology and Management’, 2014-2016, National Institute of Technical Teachers’ Training Institute Bhopal (M.P.), hereby declare that the work presented in this dissertation entitled ‘PROJECT NAME  is the outcome of my own bona fide work and is correct to the best of my knowledge and this work has been undertaken taking care of Engineering Ethics. It contains no material previously published or written by another person nor material which has been accepted for the award of any other degree or diploma of the university or other institute of higher learning, except where due acknowledgment has been made in the text.          


                                                                                  your name
Date:                                                                           Enrollment No.: 0012CE14MT28


National Institute of Technical Teachers’ Training  and Research, Bhopal, M.P.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering


I hereby declare that the work, which is being presented in the dissertation entitled Project name  Partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of degree of Master of Technology in Construction Technology and Management submitted in the department of Civil & Environmental Engineering is an authentic record of my own work carried under the guidance of GUIDE NAME  I have not submitted the matter embodies in this report for award of any other degree.
            I also declare that, “A check for plagiarism has been carried out on the thesis and is found within the acceptable limit and record of which is enclosed herewith.”


Date:                                                                                        NAME 
                                                        Enrollment No.:

Forwarded by

Professor, Civil and Environment Engineering

NAME                                                                                            NAME
Dean Research & Development                                                     H.O.D (D.C.E.E)
NITTTR, Bhopal                                                                            NITTTR, Bhopal


Posted by Saurabh Gupta


National Institute of Technical Teachers’ Training and Research, Bhopal, M.P.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering


This is to certify that the work embodies in this dissertation entitled ‘PROJECT TOPIC ’ being submitted by ‘NAME  (Enrollment No. – 0012CE14MT28) in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of Master of Technology in Construction Technology Management discipline to Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal (M.P.) during the academic year 2014-16 is a record of bona fide piece of work, carried out by him under my supervision and guidance in the ‘Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering’, National Institute of Technical Teachers’ Training and Research, Bhopal.

Approved and Supervised by

Professor, Civil and Environment Engineering

Forwarded by

NAME                                                                            NAME 
Dean Research & Development                                     H.O.D (D.C.E.E)

NITTTR, Bhopal                                                           NITTTR, Bhopal

Posted by Saurabh Gupta

( प्रपत्र ) Prapatra format for Mtech Thesis RGPV/NITTTR Bhopal

(एम टेक. छात्रों हेतु)
मैं "नाम " आत्मज "पिता का नामआयु 23 बर्ष निवासी,..........................................address    ,  , पिन 491441 का होकर शपथ पूर्वक निम्न कथन करता हूँ कि-

1.    मैंने एम. टेकके विषय कंस्ट्रक्शन टेक्नोलॉजी एंड मैनेजमेंट सत्र 2014-2016 में संस्थास्तर काउंसलिंग के माध्यम से सामान्य श्रेणी से राष्ट्रीय तकनीकी शिक्षक प्रशिक्षण एवं अनुसंधान संस्थान, भोपाल, मध्य प्रदेश संस्था में प्रवेश लिया था।
2.    मैं दिनांक 19 अगस्त 2014 से नियमित छात्र के रूप में स्नातकोत्तर पाठ्यक्रम में अध्यनरत था
3.     मैं घोषणा करता हूँ कि इस पाठ्यक्रम की अवधि में किसी भी अन्य शासकीय एवं अर्धशासकीय  संस्थान / औद्योगिक समूह किसी भी कार्यालय में पूर्ण कालिक रूपसे कार्यरत नहीं था

हस्ताक्षर शपथकर्ता
Your name 

गाइड एवं अधिष्ठा आर. एंड. डी. द्वारा सत्यापित किया जावे
सत्यापित करते है कि छात्र का नाम your name  नामांकन क्रमांक 0012CE14MT28 द्वारा उपरोक्त भरी गई जानकारी प्रमाणित एवं सही है।

गाइड    के  हस्ताक्षर                                                                                                       अधिष्ठाता
Guide name                                                     अनुसंधान एवं विकास
                                    एन. आई. टी. टी. टी. आर., भोपाल
                                                       संस्था का कोड- 0012

Download PDF from here 

Posted by Saurabh Gupta

Finite Element Method (FEM) vs Classical Methods

FEM (Finite Element Method)  is the most flexible one in terms of dealing with complex geometry and complicated boundary conditions. FEM also allows the adaptive/local procedure to get higher order local approximation or battling singularities. FEM is the way to incorporate the intrinsic geometrical properties of the solutions.
Following are the differences in classical methods and FEM-
  1. In classical methods exact equations are formed and exact solutions are obtained where as in finite element analysis exact equations are formed but approximate solutions are obtained.
  2. Solutions have been obtained for few standard cases by classical methods, where as solutions can be obtained for all problems by finite element analysis.
  3. Whenever the following complexities are faced, classical method makes the drastic assumptions’ and looks for the solutions:
    (a) Shape
    (b) Boundary conditions
    (c) Loading
  4. When material property is not isotropic, solutions for the problems become very difficult in classical method. Only few simple cases have been tried successfully by researchers. FEM can handle structures with an-isotropic properties also without any difficulty.
  5. If structure consists of more than one material, it is difficult to use classical method, but finite element can be used without any difficulty.
  6. Problems with material and geometric non-linearity  cannot be handled by classical methods. There is no difficulty in FEM.
Wednesday, March 16, 2016
Posted by Saket Rusia



This article must be useful for civil engineering students , and law students for understanding Contract and factors associated with that , any suggestion and correction is appreciated. Notes of contract management in PDF format is available after this post.

First introduced in 1992  
definition of contract management
“A contract is a promise or set of promise for the breach of which the law gives a remedy  or performance of which the law in some way recognize as duty.”
  • ·         Legally enforceable promise.
  • ·         Binding

                                I.            If the promisors fails has full capacity
                              II.            If there is no illegality or fraud.
                            III.            If the duty has not been discouraged.
                            IV.            If no similar facts which defect prime facial duty.

A promise is a manifestation of intention to act or refrain from acting in a specified way, so made as to justify  a promise in understanding that commitment has been made.
  •         I.            The person manifestation the intention is the promisor
  •       II.            The person to whom manifestation is addressed in the promises.
Applicable on Whole India except J&K

Flow chart of contract
How an offer become contract ?

Mainly deals with 3 things below
  •         I.            Contract Formation / creation
  •       II.            Performance of a contract
  •     III.            Remedies in case of breach

Three special kind of contract
  •         I.            Contract of bailment  & pledge
  •       II.            Contract of indemnity and guaranty
  •     III.            Contract of agency

Definition act ICA Section (2) (H)

“An Agreement enforceable by law is a contract”.
“An offer when accepted is an agreement /promise.”

1.1  Agreement 

All contracts are agreements but all agreements are not contract”

1.       Agreements with minors
2.       Agreement with illegal objects
3.       Agreements to impossible Act


                      I  Offer and Acceptance – definite and clear Acceptance à Absolute and Unconditional à No Variation
                    II.Consensus and Idem meeting of mind, both the parties taking the same thing at the same time.
                  III.  Parties have an intention to create legal obligation à enforceable by law , in a personal agreement there is a presumption  that parties don’t intend to create legal obligations In case of commercial agreement it is presumed that parties intend to create legal obligation.
                  IV. Lawful Consideration  -  No Consideration àNo contract
                    V.Competency of the parties à Major, person of sound mind , person not disqualified to enter in a contract.
                  VI  Free Consent à Parties enters a contract with free will Ex àWhen free consent is missing the contract voidable
1 Coercion- when one party is committing a crime or threating to committing in order to force party to enter into contract.
2Under Influence – when one party  in position dominates to misuse of others.
3Fraud- Giving false statement knowing them to be false,
4Misrepresentation- Innocent false statements,
                VII.Lawful Object à not immoral, oppose to public policy.
              VIII.  Registration & Writing à  must be written
                  IX.   Certainty à  clear , not confusing
                    X.  Possibility of performance.

1.2  Kind of Contract

Form the point of view of enforceability
             I Valid Contract
           II. Voidable Contract (it is valid till it is rejected)
1.Missing free consent
2. Delay

Consequences if voidable contract is Rejected
  • 1. No need to perform obligations
  • 2. Refund the advances benefits
  • 3. Compensations to suffering parties s

  •         I. Subsequent Impossibilities. 
  •       II.  Legal impossibilities
  •     III.   Contingent Contract

Sunday, March 13, 2016
Posted by Saurabh Gupta

MVCT 105 - Low Cost Building Materials and Construction Techniques NOTES PDF

MVCT 105 - Low Cost Building Materials and Construction Techniques
As per RGPV Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal(M.P.)

Here is the syllabus and all the notes for MTech CTM (Construction Technology Management) student , i got many request regarding notes , so i tried my best to compile all notes at a place

1. Concepts of low cost materials
Soil, Fly ash, ferrocement, Lime, Fibers, Stone Dust, Boulders and oversize metal, Bitumen etc.
2. Low cost building material products:-
(a) Walls - Stabilized and sun dried, soil blocks & bricks, Hollow concrete blocks, stone masonry blocks, Ferro-cement partitions.
(b) Roofs - Precast R.C. Plank & Joists roof, Precast channel roof, Precast L-panel roof, Precast Funicular shells, Ferrocement shells, Filler Slab, Seasal Fibre roof, Improved country tiles, Thatch roof.
3. Low cost construction Techniques and Equipment :-
(a) Techniques :- Rat trap bond construction, Precast R.C. and Ferrocement technique, Mud Technology.
(b) Equipments :- Brick moulding machine, Stablilised soil block making machine and plants for the manufacturing of concrete blocks.
(c) Low Cost Roads :-
4. Low cost sanitation :-
(a) Waste water disposal system
(b) Low cost sanitation for rural and urban areas
(c) Ferrocement Drains
5. Cost analysis and comparison :-
(a) Low cost materials
(b) Low cost techniques
Monday, March 7, 2016
Posted by Saurabh Gupta

CPM & PERT in Highway Construction

Construction Planning and Management :
CPM/PERT in Highway Construction

CPM and PERT in construction projects are the tools used for efficient management of activities. CPM is Critical Path Method and PERT is Program Evaluation and Review Technique.

 PERT and CPM are tools used for managing the construction project activities and if followed thoroughly, the construction project can be completed within the time limit and within the cost. But use of these tools does not guaranty the desired outcome due to bad management problems, natural calamities, strikes by labors etc. Howsoever good a tool may be its success depends on how well the tool is used. The CPM Network affords management with information for taking decisions and focusing its attention to essential operations.

Wednesday, January 20, 2016
Posted by Saurabh Gupta

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