Ship2my Id is a website that let’s us send gifts to our loved one.Ship2MyID is a website focused on shifting anything to anywhere in the world without any address. It is 100% secure and trusted site.
Ship2MyIDIs Offering 50 Rs Flipkart voucher for each friends you refer.Each friend who joins under your referral also get Rs50 Voucher. So its win win situation for Both.So Follow Below Steps and Get free flipkart vouchers from Ship2myid.
Steps To Get free flipkart vouchers from Ship2myid
Fill up your correct details and complete your profile and proceed.
Done you can view your referral status from top.
Terms:- 1. Offer available only for a limited time. 2. Both your and your friend get 50 Rs each when they use your referral 3. Invite 50 friends and get 2500 Rs vouchers.
How to Avail free flipkart vouchers from Ship2myid? To avail this offer FirstLogin To Your Facebook Account and than join Ship2myid (important) and complete your profile and correct address to get 50 Rs joining Bonus.
How to redeem Flipkart Vouchers? Once you completed referral score of 3 send an email Here(firstname.lastname@example.org) about your redemption request.
How to check referral score? View your referral status from top of the page. when your referral score is 1 you have 100 Rs ( joining bonus+referral bonus)
What is minimum redemption amount ? Minimum redemption amount is 200 Rs. you can redeem voucher when you refer your 3 friends.Isn’t easy?
This book is aimed principally at university, college and polytechnic students who wish to understand concrete for the purpose of using it in professional practice. Because the book is written in English and because it uses both SI and the so-called old Imperial units of measurement, the book is of interest and value in many countries, probably world wide. The large incidence of material (as distinct from structural) failure of concrete structures in recent years bridges, buildings, pavements and runways is a clear indication that the professional engineer does not always know enough about concrete. Perhaps, in consequence of this ignorance, he or she does not take sufficient care to ensure the selection of correct ingredients for concrete making, to achieve a suitable mix, and to obtain a technically sound execution of concrete works. The effects of climate and temperature, and of exposure conditions, do not always seem to be taken into account in order to ensure lasting and durable concrete structures.
The basic course on Civil Engineering Materials deals with some fundamentals related to concrete and concrete materials, besides dealing with masonry, steel etc.
The specific course on "Concrete Technology" focuses more on detailed understanding of concrete making materials including supplementary cementitious materials.
Concrete production process also forms a part of the discussion. Recent developments in concrete materials are also given adequate consideration.
Going through the course one would develop adequate understanding on concrete production process and properties and uses of concrete as a modern material of construction.
The courses will enable one to make appropriate decision regarding ingredient selection and use of concrete.
Cements, supplementary cementitious material: pozzolans, aggregates and Chemical admixtures.
Mix Designs methods and quality control. Concrete Production, batching, Mixing, transporting, placing compaction and curing.
Workability, rheological aspects. Mechanical Properties at hardened state. Long term properties such as creep and shrinkage.
Durability, rebar corrosion etc. Modern concrete such as high performance concrete, RPC, FRC, SCC etc.
No. of hours
Production, composition, and properties; cement chemistry;
Types of cements; special cements.
Mineralogy; properties, tests and standards.
Chemical and mineral admixtures:
Water reducers, air entrainers, set controllers, specialty admixtures - structure properties, and effects on concrete properties.
Introduction to supplementary cementing materials and pozzolans.
Fly ash, blast furnace slag, silica fume, and metakaolin - their production, properties, and effects on concrete properties.
Other mineral additives - reactive and inert.
Concrete mix design:
Basic principles; IS method; ACI method; new approaches based on rheology and particle packing.
Concrete Production & Fresh concrete:
Batching of ingredients; mixing, transport, and placement.
Consolidation, finishing, and curing of concrete; initial and final set - significance and measurement.
Workability of concrete and its measurement.
Engineering properties of concrete:
Compressive strength and parameters affecting it.
Tensile strength - direct and indirect; Modulus of elasticity and Poisson's ratio.
Stress strain response of concrete.
Dimensional stability and durability:
Creep and relaxation - parameters affecting; Shrinkage of concrete - types and significance.
Parameters affecting shrinkage; measurement of creep and shrinkage.
Durability of concrete:
Introduction to durability; relation between durability and permeability.
Chemical attack of concrete; corrosion of steel rebars; other durability issues.
Properties and applications of: High strength - high performance concrete, reactive powder concrete.
Lightweight, heavyweight, and mass concrete; fibre reinforced concrete; self-compacting concrete; shotcrete; other special concretes.
Contract: The word contract can be defined in short as an agreement between the parties enforceable under the law. A contract is a legally binding agreement between the parties identified in the agreement to fulfill all the terms and conditions outlined in the agreement. A prerequisite requirement for the enforcement of a contract, amongst other things, is the condition that all the parties to the contract accept the terms of the claimed contract. One who is in charge of the project is known as the Employer. One who agrees to execute or perform is known as the Contractor.
What Is Contract Management? The central aim of contract management is to obtain the product as agreed in the contract and achieve value for money. Contract management may also involve aiming for continuous improvement in performance over the life of the contract. A key point is that the foundations for contract management are laid before contract award, in the procurement process and DPR stage. The terms and conditions of the contract should include specifications, bill of quantities, contractor bonus, liquidated damages, time period, means to measure items executed, price adjustment procedures, variation/change control procedures, foreclosure, termination, and all the other formal mechanisms that enable a contract to be implemented. It is vital to build a contract that identifies clearly the obligations of the contractor and the employer. The contract must be built on a firm formal and legal foundation, it should be flexible, to accommodate changes, variations etc. Good contract management goes much further than ensuring that the agreed terms of the contract are being met. There will always be some friction between the different perspectives and approach of employer and contractor. Contract management is about resolving or reducing such friction and achieving the completion of the project as envisaged. Increasingly, many organisations are departing from traditional methods of contract management and moving towards building constructive relationships with contractors. The following factors are essential for good contract management: Good preparation of bid document: A detailed estimate, project report of the work helps create a clear output-based specification. Proper eligibility criterion effective evaluation procedures and selection will ensure that the contract is awarded to the right person. The right contract form: The contract is the foundation for the project implementation. It should include aspects such as obligations of the parties, the quality assurance of items required, and defect liability period, as well as procedures for variations and dispute resolution. E.g. Lumpsum contract, Item rate contract etc Good contract management is proactive, it should aim to anticipate and respond to project needs. If contracts are not well managed from the employer side, any or all of the following may happen: The contractor is likely to neglect the quality, resulting in substandard product that is not durable and structurally unsafe Decisions are not taken at the right time – or not taken at all That leads to delays in payment, approvals - leading to claims Time and cost overrun
ChhattisgarhSwamiVivekanand Technical University, Bhilai
SCHEME OF TEACHING & EXAMINATION
BE (Civil Engineering) III Semester
Note: Duration of all theory papers will be of Three Hours.
Subject: Mathematics - III Code: 320351(14)
1. Make student to understand FourierSeries.
2. To understand the Laplace Transform.
3. To understand the Partial Differential Equation..
4. To provide an understanding about Complex variables
5. To understand statistics
UNIT- I FOURIER SERIES: Euler’s Formula, Functions having points of discontinuity, Change of interval, Even & Odd functions, Half range series, Harmonic analysis. UNIT-II LAPLACE TRANSFORM:Definition, Transform of elementary functions, Properties of Laplace transform, Transform of derivatives & integrals, Multiplication by tn, Division by t, Evaluation of integrals, Inverse Laplace Transform, Convolution theorem, Unit step function, Unit impulse function, Periodic function, Application to solution of ordinary differential equations. UNIT- III PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION:Formation, Solution by direct integration method, Linear equation of first order, Homogeneous linear equation with constant coefficients, Non-homogeneous linear equations, Method of separation of variables. UNIT-IV COMPLEX VARIABLES:Derivative, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Analytic functions, Harmonic functions, Flow problems, Complex integration, Cauchy theorem, Cauchy integral formula, Taylor & Laurent series, Singularity, Residue, Evaluation of real definite integrals. UNIT-V STATISTICS:Random variables, Discrete & continuous probability distributions, Expectation, Mean & Standard Deviation, Moments & moment generating function, Distributions- Binomial, Poisson and Normal distributions.
1. Higher Engg. Mathematics by Dr. B.S. Grewal– Khanna Publishers.
2. Advanced Engg. Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig – John Wiley & Sons.
1. Advanced Engg.Mathematics by R.K. Jain and S.R.K. Iyengar – Narosa Publishing House.
2. Applied Mathematics by P.N.Wartikar& J.N. Wartikar. Vol- II– PunVidyarthiGrihPrakashan,Pune
3. Applied Mathematics for Engineers & Physicists by Louis A. Pipes- TMH.
1. Students are expected to understand Fourier Series
2. Students are expected to understand LAPLACE TRANSFORM
3. Students are expected to understand PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION
4. Students are expected to understand COMPLEX VARIABLES and STATISTICS
Subject: Fluid Mechanics – I Code: 320352(20)
UNIT- I INTRODUCTION -Fluid and continuum, physical properties of fluids ideal and real fluid, Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluid. Fluid Statics-Pressure density height relationship, pressure measurement by Manometers, Pressure on plane and curved surfaces, centre of pressure, buoyancy, stability of immersed and floating bodies, metacentric height, UNIT-II Kinematics of fluid flow -Steady and unsteady flow, uniform and non uniform flow, laminar and turbulent flow, one, two and three dimensional flow, streamlines, streak lines and path lines, circulation and vorticity, rotational and irrotational flow, velocity potential and stream function, continuity equation. UNIT- III Dynamics of fluid flow-Euler’s equation of motion along a streamline and its integration, Bernoulli’s equation and its applications – Pitot tube, Venturimeter, orificemeter, nozzles, momentum equation and its application to stationary and moving plates/vanes, pipe bends, problems related to combined application of energy and momentum equations. UNIT-IV Flow in Pipes-Reynolds’s experiment, experimental determination of critical velocity, transition from laminar to turbulent flow, Laminar flow through circular tubes, flow between parallel plates, minor losses in pipe lines, loss due to sudden contraction, expansion, etc; Hot wire anemometer and LDA.Flow in open ChannelComparison between open channel and pipe flow, definition of uniform and non-uniform flow, uniform flow formulae, Chezy’s and Manning’s Formula, Hydraulically efficient channel section of rectangular, trapezoidal and circular type. UNIT-V Flow through mouthpiece and orifices-Hydraulic coefficients of orifice, bell method orifice, mouthpieces, Borda's mouthpiece, running free and submerged.Notches and Weirs-Rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal notches and weir, cippoletti and broad crested weir, aeration of nappe, cavitations submerged weir. Text Books:
1. Fluid Mechanics and Machines – Dr. A.K. Jain (Khanna Publications)
2. Fluid Mechanics and Machines – Dr. R.K. Bansal (Laxmi Publications)
3. Fluid Mechanics – Dr. P.N. Modi (Standard Book House) Reference Books:
1. Mechanics of Fluid – Irving H. Shames (McGraw Hill)
2. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics – James A. Fay (Prentice Hall India)
3. Fluid Mechanics – R.J. Garde (New Age International Publication)
4. Fluid Mechanics – Streeter V.L. & Wylie E.B. (Tata McGraw Hills)
5. Fluid Mechanics – John F. Douglous (Pearsons)
Subject: Surveying – I Code: 320353(20) UNIT- I Leveling - Different methods of determining elevations: Spirit, Trigometric, Barometric and Photogrammetric methods, Spirit leveling-Definitions of terms, Principle, Construction, Temporary and permanent adjustment of levels. Sensitivity of bubble tube, Automatic levels, Leveling staves, Methods of spirit leveling Booking and reduction of field notes, Curvature and refraction, Reciprocal leveling Plotting of profiles, Barometric leveling, Trigonometric leveling-simple and reciprocal observations UNIT-IIContouring - Direct and Indirect methods of contouring. Interpolation of contours, Drawing section from contour map, Application and Modern methods of depicting relief on a Map. Minor Instruments- Construction and field use of altimeter, Description and use of Hand level, Abney Level, clinometers, ceylonghat tracer, Box Sexant, Pentagraph, planimeter, ediograph. UNIT- III Theodolite And Traversing- Venire and microptic theodolites, Temporary and permanent adjustments, Requirements of non-adjustable parts, Measure of horizontal and vertical angles by different methods Principle of traversing by theodolite, Field work and checks, UNIT-IV Traverse Computations and Plane Table Survey - Computation of coordinates, Source of errors, Precision of traversing, Checking and Balancing the traverses, Principles, Advantages and disadvantages, Plane table equipment, Different methods of Plane Table Surveying, Resection-Two and Three point problems. Fields work in Plane Table Surveying and contouring. UNIT-V Curves - Classification of curves; Elements of Circular, compound, Transition and Vertical curves, Theory and method of setting out Simple, Transition, compound and Vertical curves with field problems. Text Books:
1. Surveying (Vol. I & II) – Punmia, B.C. (Laxmi Publications, New Delhi, 1996)
2. Surveying (Vol. II & III) – Agor, R (Khanna publications, Delhi, 1995) Reference Books:
1. Surveying (Vol. II & III) – Arora, K.R. (Standard Book House, Delhi, 1993)
2. Fundamentals of Surveying – S.K. Roy (Prentice Hall of India)
3. Surveying (Vol. I & II) – S.K. Duggal (Tata McGraw Hill)
4. Surveying (Vol. I & II) – Kanetkar T.P. (Pune VidyarthiGrihaPrakashan, Pune)
5. Surveying (Vol. I & II) – C Venkataramaih ( Universitires Press Hyderabad)
Subject: Mechanics of Solids Code: 320354(20) UNIT- I Stress Strain Relations - Types of stresses and strains, Mechanicals properties and testing of steel, Hooke’s law, Uniaxial tensile test, stress – strain curve, hardness, impact, Poisson’s ratio, Modulus of rigidity, Bulk modulus, Relation between the elastic constants, Thermal effects, Elongation of bars of constant and varying sections. Statically indeterminate problems in tension and compression. Thin cylindrical and spherical vessels. UNIT-II Analysis of Stresses and Strains - Body forces, Surface forces, Internal Force, Stress at a point. Components of stress in rectangular coordinates, Principal stresses, Transformation equations, Stress invariants. Plane stresses. Mohr’s circle for plane stress, Differential equations of equilibrium. Deformable bodies, Concepts of normal strain and shear strain, Strain components at a point. Transformation equations. Principal strains. Mohr’s circle for strains. Compatibility conditions. Displacement equation of equilibrium, Plane strain. UNIT- III Bending of Beams -Theory of simple bending - limitations - bending stresses in beams of different cross sections, beams of uniform strength, beams of two materials, shear stresses in symmetrical elastic beams transmitting both shear and bending moment. Shear force and bending moment diagrams for simply supported overhanging. and cantilever beams and statically determinate plane frames UNIT-IV Columns and Combined stresses -Stable and unstable equilibrium, Short columns, Euler’s formula for long columns, Rankin’s formula. Beams subjected to bending and shear, Eccentrically loaded short column, Kern of rectangular sections, Middle third rule, stability of gravity dams & retaining walls. UNIT-V Unsymmetrical Bending and Torsion Unsymmetrical bending – Location of neutral axis, Shear flow - shear centre - determination of shear centre for simple sections. Torsion of circular solid and hollow circular shafts - power transmission. Closed coiled and open coiled helical springs. Text Books:
1. Strength of Materials – R.K. Rajput (S. Chand & Co.)
2. Mechanics of Materials – B.C. Punmia (Laxmi Publication)
1. Mechanics of Structures (Vol. – I) – Junarkar (Charotar Publications)
2. Strength of Materials – Timoshenko, S. & Gere (CBS Publishers)
3. Introductions to Solid Mechanics –Shames & Pitarresi (Prentice Hall of India)
4. Engineering Mechanics of Solid – Popov (Pearson Publication)
5. Strength of Materials – S. Ramamurtham (Dhanpat Rai Publications)
6. Strength of Materials (Part-I) – Timoshenko (CBS Pubishers)
Subject: Building Materials Code: 320355(20) UNIT- I Cement and aggregates- Types of Cement, Hydration of cement, tests on properties of cement, ferro cement. Classification of Aggregates (Coarse and Fine) and their properties, tests on aggregates.Classification of Pozzolanas and applications. UNIT-II Concrete - Properties of concrete in fresh and hardened state, water cement ratio, Modulus of elasticity, factors affecting strength of concrete and durability, mixing, transporting, placing, compacting and curing concrete, variables in proportioning concrete mixes, admixtures in concrete, tests on concrete. UNIT- III Ceramic Materials- Introduction to ceramics, types of ceramic products, properties of ceramics, ceramic building products, manufacturing of ceramic products. UNIT-IV Timber and Plywood - Characteristics of good timber, seasoning and preservation, names of timber producing trees and their relative market value. Types and uses of plywood, veneers and hardboards. Low cost materials for construction – System concepts, cost effective materials, industrial wastes, agricultural wastes, methods needed for propagation of new technologies from laboratory to field. UNIT-V Paints, Glass etc. Commercially available varieties of ceramics, glass and their uses, types of tiles, method of manufacturing and tests for suitability. Uses of Plastics and PVC. Composition and use of paints, varnishes and distempers. Composite materials, types and uses. Text Books:
1. Building Materials – S.K. Duggal (New Age Publication)
2. Building Materials – S. C. Rangwala (Charotar Publication)
3. Building Materials – M.L. Gambhir, NehaJamwal (Mc. Grawhill)
1. Concrete Technology – A.M. Neville & J.J. Brooks (Pearson Education)
2. Concrete Technology – M.S. Shetty (S. Chand & Co.)
3. Engineering Materials – Surendra Singh (Laxmi Publication)
4. Construction Engineering and Management – S. Seetharaman (UmeshPublication)
5. Building Materials – Gurucharan Singh (Standard Publishers, Delhi)
Subject: Engineeirng Geology Code: 320356(20)
UNIT- I Introduction to Engg. Geology -To understand fundamental concepts of engineering geology, engineering strength, physical & mechanical properties of minerals, rock forming minerals: A case study.
UNIT-II Rocks and its formations -Types of rocks and origins (structure, texture, agents), ternary diagrams, causes of metamorphism, Folds, Faults, Unconformity & joints: a case study.
UNIT- III Earthquakes - Earthquake, its causes, classification, seismic zones of India , seismotectanics of the Indian plate, earthquake problem and its preventive measures in construction of building , reservoir , dams , underground railway track & tunnels etc : A case study.
UNIT-IV Landslides, Land subsidence and Geological Hazards - Landslides, its causes, classification and preventive measures, land subsidence, its causes and preventive measures, major geological hazards & geological considerations in design of constructed facilities and infrastructure, mitigation of landslide hazard: A case study.
UNIT-V Geological investigations in Civil Engg -Geophysical techniques as aids in engineering geological investigations, geological conditions necessary for construction of bridges, dams, tunnels, building, road cuttings, concept of geological maps, important terminology used for map and making a section from the map: A case study Text Books:
1. A Textbook of Geology – Mukherjee P.K. (World Press Publishers)
2. Engineering Geology – D.S. Arora (Mohindra Capital Publisher, Chandigarh)
1. Geology and Engineering – Leggot, R.F. (Mc-Graw Hill, New York)
2. A Geology for Engineers – Blyth, F.G.M. (Arnold, London)
3. Civil Engineering Geology – Cyril Sankey Fox (C. Lockwood and son, U.K.)
4. Engineering and General Geology – Prabin Singh (Katson Publication House)
Subject: Fluid Mechanics – I Laboratory Code: 320361(20)
List of Experiments: (At leastTen experiments are to be performed by each student)
1. To determine the met centric height of a ship model.
2. Verification of Bernoulli’s equation.
3. Verification of momentum equation.
4. To calibrate a venturimeter and study the variation of the coefficient of discharge with the Reynolds number.
5. To calibrate aorificemeter and study the variation of the coefficient of discharge with the Reynolds number.
6. Experimental determination of critical velocity in pipe.
7. Determination of head loss coefficient due to sudden expansion in pipe.
8. Determination of head loss coefficient due to sudden contraction in pipe.
9. Determination of head loss coefficient in pipe bends.
10. To determine the hydraulic coefficients (Cc, Cd and Cv) of an orifice.
11. To determine the coefficient of discharge of a mouth piece.
12. To calibrate a triangular notch.
13. To calibrate a rectangular notch.
14. To obtain the surface profile and the total distribution of a forced vortex.
Apparatus for momentum theorem
Pipe Flow Apparatus
Mouth Piece Apparatus
Vortex Flow Apparatus
1. Hydraulics Laboratory Manual – S.K. Likhi (New Age International Ltd.)
2. Fluid Mechanics – JagdishLal (Metropolitan Educational, New Delh-2)
Subject: Surveying Field Work I Code: 320362(20)
List of Experiments: (At leastTen experiments are to be performed by each student)
1. To determine the elevation of a point with respect to reference elevation by Fly Leveling
2. To determine sensitivity of bubble tube of a dumpy level.
3. Contouring and its plotting.
4. Measurement of horizontal angle by repetition method.
5. Measurement of horizontal angle by reiteration method.
6. To determine the height of object when base is accessible.
7. To determine the height of tower when base is inaccessible and instrument stations are in same vertical plane.
8. To find out the position of points by the Plane Table Radiation and Intersection method.
9. Determination of location of a point with the help of Two point problem.
10. Determination of location of a point with the help of Three point problem.
11. Setting out of curve by ordinates or offsets from long chord.
12. Setting out of curve by successive bisection of arcs.
13. Setting out of curve by offsets from chords produced .
14. Setting out of curve by two theodolite method.
15. Setting out of curve by Rankine’s method.
Metric Chain (30 m)
Tape (15m, 30 m)
Ranging Rod (2 m, 3m)
Leveling Staff (Folding and Non-folding)
Plain Table Accessories (Drawing Board – 70 x 60 x 1.5 cm, Spirit Level, Trough Compass, Tripod Stand, Alidade,
Plumb bob for centering)
1. Surveying (Vol. I & II) – Punmia, B.C. (Laxmi Publications, New Delhi, 1996)
2. Surveying (Vol. I & II) - C Venkataramaih (Universities Press Hyderabad)
3. Surveying (Vol. I & II) – Kanetkar T.P. (Pune VidyarthiGrihaPrakashan, Pune)
Subject: Material Testing Laboratory Code: 320363(20)
List of Experiments: (At leastTen experiments are to be performed by each student)
1. Determination of Compressive strength of cement.
2. Determination of Tensile strength of cement.
3. Determination of Fineness of cement by sieving method.
4. Determination of Fineness of cement by Blain Apparatus.
5. Determination of Soundness of cement.
6. Determination of Specific gravity of cement.
7. To determine Uniaxial Tensile Test of mild steel.
8. To determine IzodCharpy Value of given mild steel.
9. To determine the Rockwell Hardness of given Material.
10. To determine Compressive Strength of Wood: (a) Along the fibre and (b) Across the
11. Determination of Specific gravity and water absorption of aggregate.
12. Abrasion Test on tiles.
13. Impact test on tiles.
14. Flexural Strength of Tiles.
15. To study the Cupping Test Machine and determine Ericheser value of mild steel sheet.
Cube mould 7.06 cm size
IS Sieve 80, 40, 20, 10, 4.75, 2.36, 1.18 mm and 600, 300, 150, 90 Micron
Tensile Strength Testing Machine
Oven Wire Basket
Spring Balance and Weighing Balance
Air permeability blain apparatus
Abrasion Testing Machine
Flexural Strength Testing Machine for tiles
Universal Testing Machine
Hardness Testing Machine
Impact Testing Machine
1. Lab Manual Concrete Lab – M.L. Gambhir (Tata McGraw Hill)
2. Concrete Technology – M.S. Shetty (S. Chand & Co.)
Subject: Engineering Geology Laboratory Code: 320364(20)
List of Experiments: (At leastTen experiments are to be performed by each student)
1. Identification of granite, pegmatite, syenite megascopic observations.
2. Identification of basalt, gabbro, charnokite, dolerite.
3. Identification of limestone, sand - stone, shale.
4. Identification of conglomerate, breccias, clay.
5. Identification of slate, phyllite, marble.
6. Identification of quartzite, schist, gneiss.
7. A study on simple geological maps
8. To Draw a cross section, filling of geological data there in.
9. To make a sketch of faults, with identification of folds, faults and unconformity.
10. A case Study of structural folds, faults and unconformity.
11. A study of Talc, gypsum, calcite, fluorite apatite.
12. A study of feldspar, quartz, topaz, corundum.
13. A study of hornblende, garnet, tourmaline asbestos, olivine,.
14. A study of serpentine, barite, muscovite, biotite, arpiment, realgar, sulpher, amethyst & varieties of uartz, zeolite
15. A study of Hematite, magnetite, pyrite, chalespyrite, pyrolusite, psilomelane, beryl, magnesite, bauxite, zincite, galena etc.
Axis of symmetrical of 6 System
Planes of symmetrical of 6 System
Crystallographic Axis & Centre of System
Mohr Scale of Hardness
Hardness Testing Knife
Model Showing Strike, Dip, Pitch
Symmetrical Anticline Showing Axis-Axial Plane
Asymmetrical Anticline Showing Axis-Axial Plane
Isoclinals Anticline & Syncline
Wooden Specimen Tray
Polarizing Petrological Microscope
1. Geology and Engineering – Leggot, R.F. (Mc-Graw Hill, New York)
2. Engineering and General Geology – Prabin Singh (Katson Publication House)
Subject: Value Education Code: 320365(46)
UNIT- I Aim of Education and Necessity for Value Education: Education in values/wisdom/etc and education in traits/technologies/etc as the two fundamental strands of education; Answer to the frequently asked questions such as “Why to do studies”, “What studies to do in overall”, “How to do studies in a proper way”, “How to think systematically and talk systematically”
UNIT-II Humanitarian Viewpoint and Basic Human Objective: Meaning and concept of happiness, Need for a fundamental viewpoint to judge things in all cases of human concerns, Proposal of the natural path of humanitarian coexistentialism; Consciousness development and its expression; Fundamental want of sustainable happiness in human being; Understanding the distinct activities and needs of self (I) and body in human being; Fundamental goal of human being; Sustainable-solution in individual (At the place of delusion); Sustainable-prosperity in family (At the place of poverty); Sustainable-cooperation in society (At the place of competition); Sustainable-coexistence in planet (At the place of struggle)
UNIT- III Elements of Holistic and Systematic Perspective: Need for study of fundamental information categories to develop holistic perspective; Particular-time actions and general-time laws; Need for fundamental information sequence to develop systematic perspective, Some examples for systematic study sequence
UNIT-IV Elements of Society-friendly and Environment-friendly Goals: Elements of Knowledge of whole existence; Elements of Knowledge of human being; Elements of fundamental Values and Wisdom; Value spectrum with reference to general relationships and particular relationships of the objects in nature; Elements of History and Contemporarity used to set current goals; Elements of Sciences and Techniques to formulate methods to achieve goals; Elements of Motoricity and Mattericity to make actions to execute the methods
UNIT-V Lifelong Exercise for All-round Sustainability: Collecting information for sustainability issues; Motivating people towards sustainable life-style; Ability to identify and develop appropriate technologies and management patterns for society-friendly and environment-friendly systems for production /protection/ utilization/ experimentation ; Ability to establish and execute the fundamental five-fold system in order to ensure sustainable peace-and-prosperity worldwide.
Value Education for Consciousness Development by Dr P B Deshmukh, Radha K Iyer, and Deepak K Kaushik (2nd Edition, 2012, ISBN: 978-81-924034-0-3)
1. International Research Handbook on Values Education and Student Wellbeing by Terence Lovat, Ron Toomey, Neville Clement (Eds.), Springer 2010, ISBN: 978-90481-86747
2. Values Education and Lifelong Learning: Principles, Policies, Programmes by David N Aspin and Judith D Chapman (Eds.); Springer 2007, ISBN: 978-1-4020-6183-7
3. Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers by E G Seebaur and Robert L Berry, 2000, Oxford University Press
Fly-ash Bricks & Pavement Tiles
Fly ash, Lime calcined gypsum and sand, with requisite quantity of water is mixed in proper proportions which produces slow setting cement, the resultant mass pressed is in to bricks of any desired strength. These bricks can be used in building constructional activities instead of common burnt clay bricks. These bricks are lighter in weight and stronger than common burnt clay bricks. The present generation or flyash in India by thermal power stations is more than 100 million tones per annum. One kilogram of coal of fired yields fly ash ranging from 200 to 500 grams. At present only 6% fly ash being utilized. Pavement Tiles are building components with an enhanced used
and adaptability at low cost. The pavement tiles are used for laying hard,durable and attractive flooring in the courtyards, pavements, walkways,car parking and similar locations. The paving stones are made by using fly ash and cement aggregates at very high pressure to give a hard faced,strong and durable stone like product with or without beveled edges.These stones do not require a sole concrete and needs just a consolidated sand bed for the support. No boding or pointing is necessary and does
not require any cement. Paving stones offer the advantage of removing from the position and replacing when ever needed for laying any pipelines etc. and hence eliminates any maintenance expenditure on the flooring. These stones can withstand the weight of a loaded truck and will last for a longtime. They are comparatively cheaper compared to concrete and other tiles.
180 billion tones of common burnt clay bricks are consumed annually approximately 340 billion tones of clay – about 5000 acres of top layer of soil dug out for bricks manufacture, soil erosion, emission from coal burning or fire woods which causes deforestation are the serious problems posed by brick industry. The above problems can be reduced some extent by using fly ash bricks in dwelling units. Demand for dwelling units likely to raise to 80 million units by year 2015 for lower middle and low income groups, involving an estimated investment of $670 billion, according to the Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Assocha). Demand for dwelling units will further grow to 90 million by 2020, which would requires a minimum investment of $890 billion. The Indian housing sector at present faces a shortage of 20 million dwelling units for its lower middle and low income groups which will witness a spurt of about 22.5 million dwelling, units by the end of Tenth plan period. There is ample scope for fly ash brick and block units.
BASIS AND PRESUMPTION :
The process of manufacture is on the basis of single shift of eight hours per day with three hundred working days in a year. I. To achieve full plant capacity it requires 1 year after trial production. II. Labour and wages mentioned in profile are as per the prescribed minimum wages. III. Interest rate at 14% considered in the project profile. IV. Operative period of project is around 10 years considering technology obsolesce rate and period of repayment of loan. IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE :
Project implementation will take a period of 8 months from the date of approval of the scheme. Break-up of activities with relative time for each activity is shown below :-
Nature of activities time period in months (Estimated) I. Scheme preparation & approval : 0-1 II. SSI provisional registration : 1-2 III. Sanction of loan : 2-5 IV. Building construction, water, power arrangements : 3-4 V. Placement of order for M/c : 4-5 VI. Installation of machines : 6-7 VII. Power connection : 6-7 VIII. Trial run : 7-8 IX. Commencement of production : 9 onwards.
PROCESS OF MANUFACTURE :
Fly ash (70%) Lime (10%) Gypsum(5%) and sand (15%) are manually fed into a pan mixer where water is added in the required proportion for homogeneous mixing. The proportion of raw material may vary, depending upon quality of raw materials. After mixing, the mixture is shifted to press. The bricks are placed on wooden pallets and transported to open area where they are dried and water cured for 21 days. The bricks are tested and sorted before dispatch.
The manufacture of pavement tiles consists of following process :
• Grinding the fly ash/lime/gypsum compound in a pan-mixer to make a cementius compound.
• Grinding the necessary materials and pigments along with cement in a ball mill, which is used for the top-coat.
• Feeding the above materials into the machine and making the product by compressing the aggregates.
• Removing and staking the products for curing.
• Delivering the product.
INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL :
The Bureau of Indian Standards has formulated and published the specifications for maintaining quality of product and testing purpose. IS : 12894 : 2002. Compressive strength achievable : 60-250 Kg/Cm.Sq. Water absorption : 5-12%; Density : 1.5 gm/cc Coefficient of softening (depending upon water consistency factor) Unlike conventional clay bricks fly ash bricks have high affinity to cement mortar though it has smooth surface, due to the crystal growth between brick and the cement
mortar the joint will become stronger and in due course of time it will become monolithic and the strength will be consistent.
PRODUCTION CAPACITY PER ANNUM :
Quantity : 24,00,000 nos of bricks Value Rs.37,20,000
MOTIVE POWER : 40 HP.
POLLUTION CONTROL :
The technology adopted for making fly ash bricks is eco-friendly. It does not require strength or auto-calving as the bricks are cured by water only. Since firing process is avoided. There are no emissions and no effluent is discharged. Facial masks and dust control equipment may bek provided.
ENERGY CONSERVATION :
General precautions for saving electricity are followed by the unit by providing energy meter. This products are low energy consumption since no need of fire operation in the production unlike conventional bricks. Thus considerable energy could be saved not only in manufacturing activities but also during the construction.
MTECH 2nd Sem CTM Syllabus RGPV/NITTTR BHOPAL
MVCT 201 – Construction Management
1. Contract Management - I :
Types of Construction contract, Lump sum, Unit rate, cost plus-fee, Cost Plus percentage-fee,
Incentive Contracts, Nature of Contract, Contract Documents and Contracting procedures, contract
revisions, Negotiated contracts, contract claims. 2. Contract Management - II :
Technical Specifications, Drawings, Tender Bond, Labour and Material Payment Bonds, Scrutiny of
Tenders, acceptance, letter of indent. Important Contract clauses, Terms of Payment, retention
acceptance and final payment, maintenance period, Time for Completion, Extension of time, Variation in work and conditions, claims and disputes, liquidated damages, Termination rights and responsibility of client, Architect, Engineer, Contractor, Professional liability. Disputes in contracts, Sub-contracts> Purchase orders as contracts. Insurance Contract and Claims. Arbitration, Accounts. 3. Tender Management :
Advance Techniques of Estimating. Principles of Analysis of rates and Specification, writing for
different types of construction industries, capital structure, Theories. 4. Legal Frame Work of Construction :
Constitutional provisions relating to Business and industry, Master Plans, Indian Contract Act.
Arbitration act. 5. Labour Laws and Legislation :
Contract labour (RRA) ACT 1970, laws relating to wages, bonus & industrial disputes.
MVCT 202 – Prefabrication design & its construction tech.
1. Prefabricated Construction :
Prefabricated construction, necessity, Advantages, disadvantages, Mass produced steel,
reinforced concrete and masonry systems, Industrialised buildings. 2. Modular Construction :
Modular coordination, basic module, planning and design modules, Modular grid systems, National Building Code Specification, Standardisation, Dimensioning of products, Preferred dimensions and sizes, tolerances and deviations layout and processes. 3. Prefabricates :
Classification, foundation, columns, beams, roof and floor panels, wall panels, clay units,
box prefabricates, erection and assembly. 4. Design of prefabricated Elements :
Lift points, beams, slabs, columns, wall panels, footings, design of joints to transfer axial
forces, moments and shear forces. 5. Construction Techniques :
Large panel construction, Lift slab system, Glover system, constains' jack-block system,
Constain V-Plate system, Bis on system, Silber-Kuhi System, control of construction
processes. Equipments, horizontal and vertical transportation.
MVCT 203 – Construction Equipment and Material Management
1. Planning and Selection of Construction Equipment :
Advantage of mechanization of Construction industry. Merits of Labour intensive construction. Planning for construction equipments. Analytical studies, equipment operation. Selection of construction machinery & equipments. 2. Production Estimates, Sizing and Matching :
Cycle time capacity ratings and output of Excavators, Power shovels, drag lines, scrapper, bulldozers, tractor shovels rippers, motor graders etc. Sizing and matching. Capacity ratings and output of compactors, aggregate processing plant concrete production plants etc. 3. Economics of Construction Equipment :
Equipment working rates, Investment cost, Depreciation cost, major repair cost. Cost of fuel and lubricants. Cost of labour, servicing and field repairs, overheads. Recommendations of statuatory bodies. 4. System Approach :
Problems of equipment management. Application of CPM in equipment management. Application of the assignement model, transportation model and waiting line models in equipment management. 5. Material Management :
Materials planning and budgeting. Role and functions at different levels of management and budgeting variations. Stages of materials management. A.B.C. analysis. Advantages, mechanics purpose cautions, limitations and tabular analysis. Purchasing parameters and inter relationships. Time source quantity, price, quality, grading systems. Special purchasing systems. Obsolesence. Scrap disposal.
MVCT 204 – Financial Management in Construction Industries
1. Personnel Management :
Principle of personnel management. Qualities of a personnel manager. Objective of personnel management. Personnel policied procedures and programmes. Organizational structure of personnel department. Man power resources. Human resource planning. Job analysis. Performance standards,
work rules. Recruitment and selection process. Tests and interview Induction orientation and in doctrination. Policies, promotion, demotion, transfers etc. Training of personnels. Need for training. Principles of training programmes. Types of training programmes on the job training policy and implementation. Task analysis identification and methodologies. Evaluation of training and post training follow up. Performance appraisal-rating scales, rankings etc. Management development programmes. Wage and salary management. Principles of wages and salary administration.
Factors influencing wages. Types of wages and salary structure. Theory of wages. Minimum fair and living wages. Types of wages. Wage incentives. Types of incentive schemes. Profit sharing features-Fringe benefits general scope. Different types of fringe
benefits and awards. 2. Labour Management :
Industrial relations in construction industry. Principles of industrial relationships. Functional requirements and programme, Industrial disputes, causes of disputes. Types Of disputes. Procedures of the settlement of industrial disputes. Implementation mechanism.Trade Unions - Principles of industrial trade unionism. Objectives and functions. Essentials of trade union. Objectives, forms levels and growth of worker's participation in management. Collective bargaining. Principles and main features of collective bargaining. Different industrial Regulations and labour laws and acts - Industrial Health and Safety. Occupational hazards. Provisions under factory act. Accident and
safety at construction sites. nature and causes of accident. Safety Programmes and their principles. Factors effecting accidents etc. 3. Waste Management :
Introduction to waste and waste management, the concept of productivity and its inter relationship with productivity. Systems concept of waste. Complementarity of waste and resource management.
Identification of construction waste material waste, man power waste, energy waste, space waste time waste, equipment waste, capital waste, utilities and services waste.
Data and information waste. Design of waste reduction in construction. Reduction, Collection, recycling treatment and disposal of waste in construction systems. Modelling of resources and waste flow in construction systems waste management and cost reduction. Roles of legislation and government. 4. Financial Management :
Managerial Economics & Financial Statement Nature and scope of managerial economics. Economic theories. Demand analysis and fore casting . Elasticities of demand. Cost and production analysis. Pricing decisions, Policies and practices. Break even analysis.
Time value of money, Economics. Comparisons using time value of money basic of comparisons. Decision making amongst alternatives. Cash flow, discounted cash flow. Cash flow forecasting, Project appraisal through financial statements. Statement analysis. Financial ratio analysis, Trend analysis yield. Taxation and inflation, Sinking fund provisions. Risks and uncertainties. Project risk and firm risk. Replacement analysis. Finances & working capital. Capital budgeting & Performance budgeting. Benefit-cost ratio. Project selection, Control and evaluation, Pre-project and post project evaluation. 5. Capital Generation & Financial Accounting
Banking : Financial Institutes like IFCI, IBI, International financing etc.
Book keeping process in construction. The acciybtabcy cycle. Journals, ledgers etc. for
labour cost, materials and purchases miscellaneous ledgers and accounting procedures,
types of financial statements in Govt.
MVCT 205 – Appropriate Technology and Energy Conservation
1. Appropriate technology - concept and its role in the present circumstances.
2. Rural Housing & Rural Environmental Technologies - Planning, use of locally available
materials, construction techniques. Concept and scope in rural areas planning of water supply schemes in rural areas, development of preferred sources of water, springs, wells, infiltration wells infiltration gallaries, collection of rain water, specific problems and method's in rural water supply and treatment. Treatment and disposal of waste water, community and sanitary latrines. Compact and simple waste water disposal systems, biogas plants. 3. Rural roads - Planning of rural roads, Socio-economic aspects, materials for rural roads,
design aspects, drainage problems, and maintenance of rural roads. 4. Energy Conservation :-
Energy production, distribution and utilization, a review of global situation. Energy Trends, renewable and non renewable sources, research reviews. Building designs and energy factors affecting energy budget in buildings and settlements, Design of buildings for minimising energy.
Solar, Wind and Tidal energies, a review and their adoptability. 5. Low energy materials, construction techniques and environmental control.
GATE 2015 question paper (forenoon session) Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering 2015
GATE PREVIOUS YEAR QUESTION PAPER + FREE MOCK TEST ALL BRANCH ENGINEERING
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering ( GATE ) is the entrance test for admission to post graduate programs of Engineering and Science in IISc Bangalore, IITs, NITs and other engineering colleges in India. Mostly taken by engineering graduates, GATE has become one of the most popular entrance tests in India.
The number of candidates appearing in GATE 2014 has increassed tremendously since 2011. In GATE 2015 5.5 lakh students appeared for the test while in GATE 2014 the number of candidates appeared is 6,86,614 and approx. 9,84,000 students are appearing for GATE 2013 With an increase in the number of students every year, GATE has the second highest number of applicants for any competitive test for admission to educational institutes in India after AIEEE, beating the likes of IIT JEE and CAT.
With the pace at which Engineering Colleges are opening across the country, the number of students passing out of engineering will only increase which will lead to a further increase in total number of applicants for GATE.
GATE 2010 , GATE 2011 , GATE 2012 and GATE 2013 question papers in pdf format are available here for download
♦ ♦ HOW TO MAKE UP MIND FOR EXAM CLICK HERE ♦ ♦
Here You can see, all Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering GATE old question papers either in pdf file or in text for GATE is based on MCQ (Multiple Choice Question Answers), you can download (free) GATE exam pdf files, and for GATE text question paper,